Ana María Crespo Solana

Email: ana.crespo [at]
Phone: (+34) 916022329
Extensión Interna: 441233
Office: 2C27
Científica Titular de OPIS
Instituto de Historia
Departamento de Estudios Americanos
Group: Estudios Comparados del Caribe y Mundo Atlántico

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Scientific Output

Ana Crespo Solana (Cádiz, Spain, 1965- )

Tenured Scientist (Científica Titular) Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas,

Madrid, España.


Scientific Leadership Profile: I have participated for the last 18 years in diverse research projects funded by several national and international institutions. This participation has become solid foundations for my specialisation in Economic History of the Early Modern Age and, specially, in the study of the European colonial and commercial expansion over the Atlantic World and its impact on the socioeconomic and cultural. My studies begun in 1987 at the University of Cadiz, Spain. My education in Spain and The Netherlands has provided me with an important opportunity for scientific experience in the research line of Economic and Social History, and has allowed me to establish strong academic links in both countries. During my PhD training I worked in a research project on the rise of Capitalism in the XVIII century, with a special focus on financial instruments in Euro-American maritime and trading connections and foreign merchants in the Spanish trade with America. Between 1989 and 1999, I combined my work in Cadiz and Leiden under supervision by Manuel Bustos Rodríguez and Pieter C. Emmer. In 1994 I was rewarded an Extraordinary Award by the University of Cadiz. I also studied at the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (Belgium) and obtained a Master Degree in Latinoamerican History at the International University of Andalucía (La Rábida, Huelva) under the supervision of Horst Pietschmann in 1998. During my pre-doctoral training period I was the recipient of several grants and awards from the Spanish, Dutch and Belgium governments, the Dutch-Spanish Agreement for Research, from the Regional Andalusian Government (Junta de Andalucía), the Bank of Spain (Centre for Economic Studies) and the Caja Madrid Foundation. In 1998 I obtained a special award of Research in Humanities of the Fundación Municipal de Cultura, Cátedra Adolfo de Castro, Ayuntamiento de Cádiz. In 1999 I obtained my PhD degree in History with an interdisciplinary approach to the study of the role played by Dutch and Flemish merchant networks in Spanish economy. So far, the historiography of Spanish colonial trade had held a perspective based on traditional, nationalist ideas where emphasis was laid on the tremendous effort made by Spain in maintaining her colonies and the supposedly detrimental role played by foreign merchants. My thesis became a turning point whereby an entirely new, unique hypothesis that had never been laid out before is used and which aims at breaking through those barriers by researching a pan-European topic: Early Modern Trade Networks. The outcome of these works has been published in several books listed at the end of this CV. A further book is under preparation in order for an English version to see the light through publication under the title “Commerce and Liberty: Dutch and Flemish merchant networks in the Spanish colonial Empire (1680-1778)” (under preparation).

Since 1999 I have had the opportunity to work together with several specialists in Global and Atlantic History with special focus on European Atlantic trade, merchant community networks in the Early Modern period and the Spanish System with the American colonies during the XVII and XVIII centuries. The impact of my scientific contribution is based on the development of a genuine and original line of research based on the significance of analyzing the expansion of trading networks that spread out along with an enormous expansion seen on European foreign trade, which expansions were a determining factor in the formation, consolidation and evolution of cultural and economic social environments. According to some quotations and comments by my colleagues, my worth resides in linking the Spanish historiography on trade and commercial relations with the countries of the North Sea area, in learning the languages needed as well as carrying out much needed research in the relevant archives of the region, and delivering essential studies that link these geographical areas with the Iberian Peninsula and the Caribbean. This research line has opened new interdisciplinary approaches to the study of globalization of the economy and networks. From 2000 onwards, my specialization has focused on historical Studies on European Integrating Networks of maritime relations and trading. In 2000 I was granted a postdoctoral fellowship from the Spanish Government and the Regional Government of Madrid (Comunidad de Madrid) which allowed me to work at the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas in Madrid. I combined my research work at the CSIC with several short stays at various other centres elsewhere in Europe, such as the London School of Economics, the Historisches Seminal - University of Hamburg, or the Institute for the History of European Expansion - Leiden. I have also taken part in further specialisation courses and activities for the dissemination of knowledge in different universities – Alicante, Seville, etc. I collaborated with various specialists, such as Nicholas Canny from the Centre for the Study of Human Settlement & Historical Change of the National University of Ireland, Galway; with Raymond Fagel (University of Leiden); with Horst Pietschmann (Universität Hamburg); and recently with Jack Owens - Idaho State University (USA), and Amélia Polonia Da Silva (Porto University, Portugal) in order to develop an international, interdisiciplinar, and ambitious, ongoing project on Global History and Self-Organizing Networks in the context of the Iberian Expansion from the XV to XVIII centuries. I have also obtained further funding for projects in collaboration with Agustín Guimerá – on port cities, and with Consuelo Naranjo Orovio - on economic networks in the Caribbean. Both these projects were funded by the Spanish Agency for International Cooperation and by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation respectively. 

            In 2003 I won a prestigious and highly competitive Spanish research award, the Ramon y Cajal fellowship. This grant meant the opportunity to establish the basis for an innovative research line at the CSIC which laid the foundations of the DynCoopNet project (Dynamic Cooperation Networks). This is a collaborative research project developed in conjunction with different international funding institutions in the general framework of the EUROCORES Programme of the European Science Foundation. This set up the bases of further and innovative research in Economic History and European Expansion in collaboration with other specialists in the international academic scenario which is currently been developed. In this project I have acted as coordinator and achieved a high level of integration of the research team. Within the CSIC I am a part of the Estudios Comparados del Caribe y Mundo Atlántico team that has been funded on several occasions by the Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación since 2006 up to the present. The team leader is Consuelo Naranjo Orovio from the Instituto de Historia, CCHS-CSIC. This network’s activities can be viewed on the website This network has been integrated into the Programa MacroGrupos de la Comunidad de Madrid, within a research network on “The building of the Court in the Catholic Monarchy (XVII- XVIII centuries)”, in which the most relevant European specialists in Political and Cultural History are involved, co-ordinated by José Martínez Millán. Since 2008 I have been collaborating with a project called “Dutch Atlantic Connections, 1680-1795”, funded by the Dutch Government under the supervision of Gert Oostindie - Konijnklijke Instituut voor Taal, Land en Volkenkunden, Universiteit Leiden; Karel Davis (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam); Femme Gastar (Universiteit Leiden) and Henk Den Heijer (Universiteit Leiden). In this project I am working in the topic of the circulation of peoples, goods and ideas in the Atlantic which is well connected with the general subject of the project that is the object of the present application. Currently I am also involved in interdisciplinary collaboration with specialists in dendrochronology with the purpose of building a multidisciplinary research network to assess Iberian wooden cultural heritage worldwide, with Esther Jansman, National Service for Archaeology, Cultural Landscape and Built Heritage (RACM). I also collaborate with a project on Andalusian economic and cultural relations in the Asian-Pacific area together with Salvador Bernabeu Albert - Escuela de Estudios Hispanoamericanos, CSIC, thanks to an Excellence Project granted by the Fundación Universidad y Empresa of the Regional Andalusian Governement. This project entails the use of comparative analysis in the commercial systems derived from Atlantic exchange.

            The research conducted by the applicant has been deservedly recognized by Spanish institutions and so awarded with the relevant certificates by the government - Programa de Incentivación de la Incorporación e Intensificación de la Actividad Investigadora (Programa I3, del MEC), (2007); and the Reconocimiento de Tramos de Excelencia por Méritos en la Investigación which is awarded by the Comisión Nacional Evaluadora de la Actividad Investigadora. The applicant has developed a solid career with an international recognition and diffusion of her works. For example, some of her publications have appeared in the press and also featured on both local and regional television. The first book of her PhD was also cited in “La Aventura de la Historia magazine” (2001) as one of the books of the year. The publication of the book: “América desde otra frontera”, appeared in “El Cultural”, an ABC newspaper supplement in February 2007. Several reviews of different publications had been written. Among them, I wish to highlight that by Carlos Martínez Shaw in the Revista Hispania, Revista Española de Historia (2005). Other was quoted on several occasions by various historians, such as Raymond Fagel (2002), Pere Molas Ribalta (2004), Antonio Miguel Bernal (2002), or Klaus Weber in his recent book entitled Deutsche Kaufleute im Atlantikhandel, 1680-1830 (2004). One important review was that by Jean Phillipe Prioty (“Annales, Economies, Societés2003). It was also quoted by several historians on various occasions, such as Klaus Weber (2004), and others. Some of her quoted articles were published in important journals with a large circulation worldwide and a high relevance in the English-speaking world as the official platform, as the “The Forum of European Expansion and Global Interaction” (FEEGI), or the International Association of Economic History after the acceptance by specialists in Economic History in its international branch. That led to the delivery of several related lectures. Currently I begins with the supervision of a postdoctoral research about the application of econometric models in colonial trade and a Ph D about commercial routes in the Atlantic in the XVIII century.



Curriculum Vitae : In my current research project I lead an innovative research line on Trading and Network which is being funded at different levels: the Regional Government of Madrid (Comunidad de Madrid), Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation I+D+I (MICINN), and the EUROCORES Programme of the ESF. Between 2006 and 2009 I have successfully led an MICINN project on merchant communities in Atlantic Europe, in which different specialists and historians have collaborated from various European countries. This project has become an important collaborative opportunity between historians and has led to certain interdisciplinary breakthroughs in relation to new analytical applications focussed on historical studies. I am a staunch believer in interdisciplinary work as well as in the utilization of new technologies, specially GIS, for the purpose of processing historical information in such a manner that can be made available via web applications to the scientific community. This research line was endorsed by the ESF at the TECT - “The Evolution of Cooperation and Trading” call when my DynCoopNet - “Dynamic Complexity of Cooperation-Based Self-Organizing Commercial Networks in the First Global Age” project was given the green light in 2007. DynCoopNet run until 2009 and laid the foundations for future research lines in History. Within this project I have had the opportunity to work in a Collaborative Research Project with the father of Geographically Integrated history, Jack Owens, as well as with other specialists in European economic expansion such as Amélia Polonia Da Silva, Carlos Álvarez Nogal, Antoni Picazo, Arnaud Bartolomei, Maurits Ebben, Klaus Weber and Sean Perrone. In relation to this project I have conducted, also with a fair degree of success, a project aimed at the design of a prototype of data modelling funded by the CSIC under the name “redes dinámicas de cooperación: bases de datos para el uso de la herramienta SIG en el estudio de las redes mercantiles entre Europa y el Caribe (1670-1778)” Proyecto Intramural Especial, which has run from Oct 2008 to Sept 2009.

Funded Projects:


Title: Naciones y Comunidades: perspectivas comparadas en la Europa Atlántica (1650-1830) Acronym: (NACOM (I)

Funding Agency: Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia, Plan Nacional I+D (HUM-2006- 01679/)

Dates: 2006- 2009.

PI:Ana Crespo Solana, Instituto de Historia, CCHS-CSIC.

Funding Applied for: € 48 000


Title: Dynamic Complexity of Cooperation-Based Self-Organizing Commercial Networks in the First Global Age Acronym: DynCoopNet. Ref.: FP-004

Funding Agency: European Science Foundation (ESF), TECT call “The Evolution of Cooperation and Trading: from microbes to men”.  Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia, Acciones Complementarias. National Science Foundation /USA and Portugal.

Dates: 2007- 2010

PI:Ana Crespo Solana (PI1 and Project Leader), Instituto de Historia, CCHS-CSIC. Co-Project leader:  Jack Owens, Idaho State University, USA.

Funding Applied for: approx € 680 000


Title: Redes Dinámicas de Cooperación: Bases de Datos para el uso de la Herramienta SIG en el estudio de las redes mercantiles entre Europa y el Caribe (1670-1778)” Proyecto Intramural Especial, Referenc: 200810I007.

Funding Agency: CSIC- MICINN.

Dates: 1/10/2008 – 30/9/2009.

PI: Ana Crespo Solana, Instituto de Historia, CCHS- CSIC.

Funding Applied for: € 30 000






Brief CV.

Education.1. (1999): Doctorado Filosofía y Letras, Geografía e Historia, Historia Moderna y Contemporánea. Universidad de Cádiz, Cum Laude; 2. (1998): Master’s Tesis Latinoamerican History. Universidad Internacional de Andalucía, La Rábida, Huelva, España; 3. (1995): Tesina de licenciatura; 4. (1992): Licenciada en Filosofía y Letras, Geografía e Historia, especialidad Historia Moderna Universidad de Cádiz, Premio Extraordinario de Licenciatura.

Independent Position:  (2008 – present): Tenured Scientific. Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Centro de Ciencias Humanas y Sociales. Instituto de Historia. (2003- 2008): Ramon & Cajal Investigator. Early Modern History Department. Institute of History. CSIC.

Postdoctoral research. 1. (2008- present): Científica Titular del CSIC. Instituto de Historia. Centro de Ciencias Humanas y Sociales; 2. (2003- 2008): Doctora Contratada Programa Ramón y Cajal. MEC-CSIC.  Instituto de Historia. Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas. 3. (2000- 2003): Becaria Postdoctoral. Comunidad de Madrid. Instituto de Historia. Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas; (1999-2001): Beca Banco de España. Centro de Estudios de Historia Económica. Con vinculación institucional al Centro de Estudios de Historia Económica. Madrid.

Predoctoral Training. 1. (1998-1999): Fellowship Bank of Spain, Center of Economic History Studies). 2. (1996-1997) Felowship Spanish Ministery of Foreign Office, Convenio Hispano-holandés de investigación. IGEER (Instituut Geschiedenis voor Europese Expansie). Universiteit Leiden.2. (1996- 1997): Fellowship Caja Madrid Fundation, 3. (1994- 1994): Fellowship Spanish Government/IGEER (Instituut Geschiedenis voor Europese Expansie). Universiteit Leiden, Países Bajos. 4. (1992-1993): Fellowship ERASMUS. Vroeg-Moderne Geschiedenis Afdeling. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Bélgica), 5. (1992- 1993) Fellow Junta de Andalucía. Universidad de Cádiz, 6. (1991- 1992): Fellowship of Introduction to Research, Junta de Andalucía, Universidad de Cádiz.

Awards and invited Position: 1.(1994): Premio Extraordinario de Licenciatura, 2. (1994-1995): Fellow professor, University of Cadiz. Fellow Junta de Andalucía. 3. (1995): Invited Researcher. Rijksuniversiteit Leiden. Instituut Geschiedenis voor Europese Expansie. The Netherlands, 4. (1997- 1998): Invited Fellow Netherland Organisation for Cooperation and Higher Education (Beca NUFFIC) IGEER (Instituut Geschiedenis voor Europese Expansie. Universiteit Leiden; 5. (2000): Fellowship Spanish Ministery of Foreigner Affairs. Universiteit Gent. Maritieme Geschiedenis, Gent, Belgium. 6. (2001): Research Fellow. London School of Economics, London, United Kingdoms. 7. (2002): Invited Professor in Doctorate course in the University of Alicante. 8. (2002): Invited Professor, Grant of Regional Government, Comunidad de Madrid, Universiteit Leiden, Vaderlandse Geschiedenis, The Netherlands, 9. (2000-2003): Postdoctoral Gran Comunidad de Madrid; 10. (2003-2007): Ramón y Cajal Investigator Position. CSIC. 11. (2002-2003): Fellowship DAAD (Deustscher Akademischer Austausch Dienst). Historisches Seminaar, Universität Hamburg, Germany. 12. (2003): Invited Professor Summer Course El Escorial, Madrid. 12. (2008): Invited Professor, Course about Migrations and Trading, University of Sourbonne, Paris / University de Cergy-Pontoise. 13. (2009): Invited Professor Doctorate European Programme: Europe, the Mediterranean and its atlantic diffusion. European Doctorate in Social History of Europe and the Mediterranean: Building on the Past. Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Sevilla.



10 Selected Publications in scientific journals:

1. Crespo Solana, Ana, Geostrategy of a System? Merchant Societies and Exchange Networks as connection centres in the Spanish Atlantic trade in the First Global Age, Commodities and Cultures in Circulation, 1400-1800, 36, 2. (forthcoming).

2. Crespo Solana, Ana, ¿Alegoría de la Nueva Holanda? Imágenes y prácticas de la economía de plantación en Surinam, Anuario de Estudios Americanos, (forthcoming).

3. Crespo Solana, Ana, Legal Strategies and Smuggling Mechanisms in the Trade with the Hispanic Caribbean by Foreign Merchants in Cadiz - The Dutch and Flemish Case (1680-1750).  Jahrbuch fürGeschichte Lateinamerikas, (forthcoming).

4. Crespo Solana, Ana, Merchants and Observers. The Dutch Republic’s commercial interests in Spain and the Merchant Community in Cadiz in the Eighteenth Century, Dieciocho. Hispanic Enlightenment. Vol. 32, numero 1 [32.1]. págs. 193-224, 2009.

5 Crespo Solana, Ana y Montojo Montojo, Vicente, La Junta de Dependencias de Extranjeros (1714-1800), Trasfondo socio-político de una historia institucional. Hispania. Revista Española de Historia, Vol. LXIX, nº 232, págs. 363-394. mayo-agosto de 2009.

6. Crespo Solana, Ana & Owens, Jack, J.B. Dynamic Complexity of Cooperation- Based Self- Organising Networks in the First Global Age (DynCoopNet)”. Ronald Noë, Rüdiger Klein, Julia Borman, Claire Rustat-Flinton (eds.) The Evolution of Cooperation and Trading, EUROCORES Programme.  Pp. 23-36. European Science Foundation (ESF) Strasbourg, 2008.

7. Crespo Solana, Ana, El comercio holandés y la integración de espacios económicos entre Cádiz y el Báltico en tiempos de guerra (1699-1723). Investigaciones en Historia Económica,nº 8, págs. 45-76. 2007.

8. Crespo Solana, Ana, Reflections on Monopolies and Free Trade at the end of the Eighteenth century: A Tobacco Trading Company between Puerto Rico and Amsterdam in 1784. Itinerario. Journal for Overseas History, 29/2, págs. 2005

9. Crespo Solana, Ana, El Patronato de la Nación flamenca de Cádiz en los siglos XVII y XVIII: trasfondo social y económico de una institución piadosa, Studia Historica. Revista de Historia Moderna, nº 23, págs. 19-24. 2002

10. Crespo Solana, Ana, El comercio marítimo entre Cádiz y Amsterdam, 1713-1778. Estudios de Historia Económica, nº 40, Madrid: Banco de España, 2001.


10 Research monograph chapters in collective volumes and any translations.

1. Crespo Solana, Ana, Commerce and Liberty. Dutch and Flemish networks in the Spanish Colonial Trade (1680-1778), Brills, Atlantic World Series, (in preparation). Monograph.

2. Crespo Solana, Ana, Mercaderes Atlánticos: Redes del comercio flamenco y holandés entre Europa y el Caribe. Universidad de Córdoba, Cajasur, 2009. Monograph.

3. Crespo Solana, Ana, América desde otra frontera. La Guayana Holandesa (Surinam): 1680-1795, Colección América, nº 3, Madrid: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, 2006. Monograph.

4. Crespo Solana, Ana, Entre Cádiz y los Países Bajos: una comunidad mercantil en la ciudad de la Ilustración, Cádiz: Fundación Municipal de Cultura, Cátedra Adolfo de Castro, 2001. Monograph.

5. Crespo Solana, Ana, Comunidades Transnacionales. Colonias de mercaderes extranjeros en el mundo atlántico (1500-1830), Editorial Doce Calles .Colección Actas 2010. Collective Volume.

6. Crespo Solana, A. Revieuw to Weindl, Andrea, Wer Kleidet die Welt? Globale märkte und mercantile kräfte in der Europaïschen politik der Frühen Neuzeit, Mainz, Verlag Philipp Von Zabern, 2007, Hispania. Revista Española de Historia, 2008. Review.

7. Crespo Solana, A. Review to Pearce, Adrian, British Trade with Hispanic America, 1763, 1808, Liverpool University Press, 2007, Revista de Indias,  vol. LXVIII, nº 244, pp. 191-193, 2008. Review

8. Crespo Solana, Ana, “Dutch Trade with the Spanish West Indies and the Flemish Community in Cadiz in the Eighteenth Century. A Community of shared interests?”, Online Word Document.

9. Crespo Solana, Ana, Dutch Merchant Networks and the trade with Hispanic Port Cities in the Atlantic (1648-1778), Bernd Hausberger & Nikolaus Böttcher (eds.) Redes y comercio en el mundo ibérico, siglos XVI-XIX, Ibero_americano de Berlín y El Colegio de México, Ed. Vervuert/Iberoamericana (Frankfurt a. M./Madrid) 2010.

10. Crespo Solana, Ana, The Iberian Peninsula in the First Global Trade. Geoestrategy and Mercantile Network interests (XV to XVIII centuries) Global Trade Before Globalization.  (VIII-XVIII Centuries), Madrid: Fundación Cultura de Paz, Huella Árabe, 2007. Chapter in Collective Volume.

11. Crespo Solana, Ana,”Merchants under close scrutiny: Spanish monopoly with America and the laws agaisnt foreigners’ illegal commerce (1714-1730)” Lars Nilsson (ed.) Urban Europe in Comparative Perspective, Paper Presented at the Eighth International Conference on Urban History, Stockholm, 2006. CD-ROM. Edited by “Studies in Urban History”. Estocolmo, Studies in Urban History”, 2007. Chapter in Collective Volume.


10 Selected Invited presentations.

1. Crespo Solana, Ana, “Networks versus national communities in the first global Hispanic Atlantic. Comparative visions and literature”, Oceans Connect: New Directions in Maritime Studies, School of Social Sciences, University of Hyderabad, India (2010); 2. Crespo Solana, Ana,  A GIS experiment: Representing Dynamics Cooperation Networks of Cooperation in the First Global Age? World Economic History Congress.  Self-Organising Networks and Trading Cooperation: GIS tools in the visualization of the Atlantic Economic expansion. (1400-1800), Utrecht (2009); 3. Crespo Solana, Ana, Foreign Merchants in Spain and the Political Economy: The True (or real) Spanish Monopoly with America (1648-1740), The emergence of political ideology in foreign policy in early modern Europe (1650-1750), University Utrecht (2008); 4. Crespo Solana, Ana, “The Dutch Republic and Spain in the first half of the Eighteenth Century: Political model and diplomatic Collaborationism”, Dutch Decline in Eighteenth-Century Europe, Rotterdam City Library (2006); 5. Crespo Solana, Ana, “Spain in Global Trade in the Early modern times. Geoestrategy and mercantile interest (XV-XVIIIth)", Global Trade Before Globalization (VIII- XVIII), Londres, Brunei Gallery (2006);6. Crespo Solana, Ana, "¿Construir otro Báltico? La intervención holandesa en los sistemas productivos caribeños. El caso de Puerto Rico en el siglo XVIII”, Tobacco Revisited. Transnacional Persectives.  An International Conference (Puerto Rico, Río Piedras (2006); 7. Crespo Solana, Ana, “Dutch Merchants Communities and Hispanic Ports Cities in Atlantic System: Trade, people and information”. XIV International Economic History Congress, “Imperial Networks and Global Bussines in Iberian World. XVth to XVIIIth centuries. Merchants, bankers and corporation”, Helsinki (2006); 8. Crespo Solana, Ana, “Dutch Trade with the Spanish West Indies and the Flemish Community in Cadiz in the Eighteenth Century. A Community of shared interests?” Encontro das Aphes, (Instituto de Ciencias Sociais, Universidade de Lisboa), “Trade and Empire”, Lisboa (2004); 9. Crespo Solana, Cádiz, emporio atlántico del siglo XVIII. Historisches Seminar. Universität Hamburg (2002-2003).


Organisation of International Conferences:

The applicant has been member of scientific committee for organization of international conferences and selected specialized session in International Economic History Association: “Self-Organising Networks and Trading Cooperation: GIS tools in the visualization of the Atlantic Economic expansion. (1400-1800)” (Utrecht, 2009);with David Alonso García. She organized “Redes de Poder y cambio político en el mundo atlántico: Identidad y Nacionalismo, 1789-1950”, (Madrid, 2009), with Loles González-Ripoll and Consuelo Naranjo Orovio. In 2008 Crespo organized two strategyc workshop: "Comunidades mercantiles/ Colonias transnacionales: puntos para un debate (1650-1830)" in the CSIC, and “Visualisation and Space-Time Representation of Dynamic, Non-linear, Spatial Data in DynCoopNet and Other TECT Projects", between CSIC- Universidad Politécnica de Madrid- European Science Foundation, with Mónica Wachowicz and Miguel Ángel Bernabé Poveda. In 2002 she organized the international conference “España y las 17 Provincias de los Países Bajos. Una revisión historiográfica (siglos XVI- XVIII)”, with Manuel Herrero Sánchez.

c. 5) Academy memberships: Participation in scientific committee as member of EUROCORES Programme, Tect: “The Evolution of Cooperation and Trading”, European Science Foundation; Fondecyt, Chile. Since last July 2009 member of an international commission for the organization of some exhibition and events in remembrance of the Treaty of Utrecht (1713) and its impact in Europe. 

c.6) Memberships to Editorial Boards on international Journals. Member to the Editorial Board of Hispania. Revista Española de Historia, Caribbean Studies, Anuario de Estudios Americanos, Tiempos Modernos, Online, Revista Complutense de Historia de América. 

Curriculum Vitae: